An area for concern in the aftermath of a natural disaster of this magnitude is the prevention of disease and epidemics. The vulnerability of the population to disease and epidemics arises from decaying bodies floating in the waterways; contamination of drinking water obtained from wells (in the absence of pipe borne water) the lack of toilet facilities and community living in camps under not so hygienic conditions. Accordingly, the provision of clean drinking water from non affected areas in the initial stage and the cleaning up and rehabilitation of drinking water sources namely, ground wells as well as the sterilization of water is a matter of utmost urgency. Further, the construction of toilets both in camps and in the villages should receive priority attention for similar reasons. The disposal of waste and garbage in the affected areas has already become a problem due to the somewhat plentiful supply of food and water to the affected areas in plastic and paper containers, which have been thrown haphazardly in the area. The proposed programme, in addition to providing income support, will therefore target the following three areas:
- The provisions of clean drinking water and rehabilitating local sources of drinking water
- Repairing and enhancing the safety of village wells
- Providing new deep water wells or tube wells for community use even during drought periods
- The construction of toilets
- The management of solid waste in the area.
- Introducing upgraded hygiene, sanitary and waste disposal standards in the villages.